Mount Roraima, also known as Roraima tepui, or simply Roraima, with 2810 meters, is the highest plateau in the chain of tepuis plateaus of the Pacaraima Mountains.
First described by the English explorer Sir Walter Raleigh in 1596, its 31-km² area at the top are shared between Venezuela (85%), Guyana (10% of the territory claimed by Venezuela) and Brazil (5%) .
The Mount Roraima is in the Guiana Shield in the southeastern corner of Venezuela's Canaima National Park (30 000 km²), the highest mountain range in the Guiana Highlands peak. The tops of the plateaus are considered to be some of the oldest geological formations on Earth, dating back to about two billion years in the Precambrian era.
Roraima was the first major tepui to be widely talked about: Everard im Thurn climbed its slopes in 1884, utilizing a mechanism comparable to a wooden plateu ramp or ladder placed on the sides of the tepui. Reports of expeditions during the Victorian , inspired Sir Arthur Conan Doyle to write in his classic adventure novel The Lost World in 1912, of which there have been several film versions.
The first explorers in the area found that many Pemon (local indigenous) related to this mountain as "the mother of all waters," aptly named because from its peak fall many waterfalls, which are the source of some rivers that flow into the Orinoco river, the Essequibo River or the Amazon.
Gran Sabana, Edo. Bolívar
6 days 5 nights | 8 days 7 nights
For this tour you should take a flight to the city of Puerto Ordaz, then travel by road to the town of Santa Elena de Uairen.
The stretch Puerto Ordaz - Santa Elena be done in several ways, the first is by car, if you live in a city like Caracas, Maracay and Valencia tend generally go in your own car, we have a place where you can keep the car while doing the tour.
The second option is to travel by bus; buses usually travel all night and the next day you wake in the morning at Santa Elena. To take this option you must go to the bus terminal of Puerto Ordaz and buy your ticket the same day, (not sold in advance); this option is cheap but you risk the chance of running out tickets and being unable to travel.
The last option is to travel by private transport; we can coordinate this with a company of our trust. To rent a private van for up to 10 passengers, and the total amount to be canceled between the number of passengers undertaking the journey, This option is most often used because it is more comfortable and safer; drivers generally know perfectly all sections of the route, and passengers can enjoy the view of the Gran Sabana, they will also have the opportunity to stop at any viewpoint or waterfall (time), among others when time permits. This route is often a little difficult and long so it is of prime importance to leave Puerto Ordaz by 1 pm (you must take this into account for the coordination of your airfare). If you arrive in the evening hours in Puerto Ordaz, you should sleep in and make your way to Santa Elena the next day.
All members wishing to tour RORAIMA are due in Santa Elena de Uairen one day before the departure of the tour; this day a talk ("briefing"), and some equipment such as thermal gear and sleeping bags are handed out.
We will meet in Santa Elena de Uairen and depart towards the Paraitepuy community (45 minutes). After obtaining permission from national park offices(INPARQUES) in Paraitepuy, we begin our journey towards camp Tokwono. The route is 12 kilometers or approximately 5 hours of hiking (depending on the performance of the group). The route has gentle slopes and the camp is located at an altitude of 1050 meters above sea level.
It is recommended soft, light walking shoes, long pants and long sleeves to avoid insect bites (gnats and mosquitoes). It is recommended to weare long sleeve clothing and utilize sunscreen as there is almost no shade during this hike. From time to time we will encounter streams where you can drink water and recharge thermos or canteens. Arriving at the camp, you can take a bath in the Kukenan river. We will then have Dinner and rest for the following day.
Tokwono from camp to base camp is 11 km, 6-7 hours or so of walking. The walk takes place mainly in the foothills of the tepui passing by rocks that have detached from the walls of the tepui ages ago. The vegetation is similar to the first day, mainly savannah; we recommend walking shoes for the mountain, long pants and long-sleeved shirts; it is also recommended to carry a raincoat or rain jacket. On this day we will pass by the "military camp" which is nothing more than a clearing in the way suitable for camping. The base camp is located at an altitude of 1850 meters above sea level.
Day climb up "the ramp". From the base camp to the summit are 4 Km of travel, 4-5 hours of walking. The ramp is only a slit or nature trail in one of the cliffs of the tepui where you can walk up safely. This terrain is rugged with high tilt.
In the climb up the ramp you should use long pants, short sleeves, boots and semi-rigid mountain. On this particular trip, there are parts where the hands are used to hold the roots of the bushes to gain momentum as well as the presence of loose rocks along this path. This is tough terrain and the incline will take its toll on your knees and ankles. The vegetation of this day is quite lush and you can see several species of endemic plants. The weather is quite friendly (rainforest). Along the way you will have the opportunity to observe the great plains from some majestic viewpoints.
Once at the top you should walk a little further to reach the shelters, caves, or popularly called "hotels". These are located at a height of 2800 meters above sea level.
After watching the sunrise and having breakfast, we will use this entire day to explore the surface of Roraima. Here all excursions depend on the weather and the group must agree on which of the two options they want to take; enter Options include: Jacuzzis, the abyss, the museum, the window, the valley of quartz, maverick, among others.
After breakfast and last pictures, you have to go down the mountain and make your way to Camp Tokwono. First come 2-3 hours of steep descent down the ramp to the base camp where we will have lunch and rest before we continue our journey. Then after a long hike towards Campo Tokwono we will have to cross the Kukenan River. The walk will be approximately 6 hours in length. Once in camp we can take a well deserved and refreshing bath in the river overlooking the Tepuis. Dinner will be served and we will rest overnight at camp.
The descent from the top of Roraima to Camp Tokwono will be about 15 km.
After breakfast we get ready for our final day of hiking. This time our hike will be from Camp Tokwono to the Paraitepuy Pemon indian community, this should take us about 4-5 hours. Upon arrival we will load our gear onto the 4x4 SUV that will be waiting for us to take us back to the town of Santa Elena de Uairen. End of our services.
It is suggested that toiletries are biodegradable: bath soap, shampoo, etc.
PERSONAL MEDICATION: If you suffer from an illness should bring their personal medications and notify the guide of the situation. (Example: You should take one tablet every 8 hours).
NOTE: It is recommended, to pack each piece in individual plastic bags (ziplock), and before packing everything in the bag, place a large plastic bag inside the backpack, because this way you guarantee the impermeability of equipment. The ideal weight of a backpack with personal equipment should not be more than 8-10 kg. A person without experience in high mountain should not take more than 8 kg. To ensure proper mobility and to help avoid knee problems. All those under 18 traveling without their legal representatives and / or parents must apply for a permit from Minor services.
OPTIONAL: Additional Porters to carry up to 15 kg per day team at extra cost. You see the actual costs (would be a personal porter, carrying the backpack).